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Silver Nitrate is a white solid with a molar mass of 169.87gmoL -1, a Boiling Point of 444 degrees C and a Melting Point of 212 degrees C. Silver Nitrate is a Corrosive and Oxidising Substance which is hazardous to the environment.
Persons working with or handling Silver Nitrate both in solid form and in solution, should be aware of the potential hazards of the substance and adhere to the recommended safety precautions. All persons should familiarise themselves with the potential hazards of Silver Nitrate before handling the material in order to minimise risk.
Silver Nitrate safety should include full Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) including protective clothing, safety boots or shoes, approved eye protection in the form of safety goggles or safety glasses. A full face shield and/or breathing apparatus may be required when handling large volumes of Silver Nitrate.
Silver Nitrate causes burns to exposed skin and will cause the skin to darken. Silver Nitrate causes severe eye damage and possibly blindness. Exposure to fumes or dust of Silver Nitrate causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the nasal and respiratory tract and coughing. Exposure to ingestion of Silver Nitrate will cause severe burns to the throat, mouth and oesophagus. Large amounts may be fatal.
Silver Nitrate is very soluble and dissolves readily in water, spreading easily in water systems. Silver Nitrate must not be allowed to enter waterways as it changes the pH of water and causes acuts and long-term damage to aquatic environments. It is very Toxic to aquatic life and in the event of a large spillage, the Environmental Agency or other regulatory hody should be informed. If Silver Nitrate has entered the foul drain, the local water treatment company should be notified when the amounts are sufficient to present a hazard.
Silver Nitrate is classified as Hazardous for Transport and is shipped under UN No 1493 as a Packing Group II Substance. The class is 5.1, Oxidising Substances, with a Hazard Symbol being a yellow diamond and a black burning 'O'.
For transport purposes, Silver Nitrate has a Limited Quantity of 500g (LQ11) which means that up to 500g can be carried without full ADR Transport Rules; only a white diamond with the UN Number is needed. Silver Nitrate can be transported in both single and combination packagings. Materials used for containment are varied and consist of metal, plastic, plywood, fibre, steel and aluminium.
Before any Silver Nitrate is packaged, it is essential to check the compatibility of the packaging in contact with the substance. Dependant upon the type of package in use, the amount that can be contained varies from 50kg to 400kg. Always consult transport regulations for types of accepable packaging and appropriate markings before despatch.
For further information on other aspects of Silver Nitrate, please refer to the various pages of this information website, including Silver Nitrate Hazards, Silver Nitrate Labelling, Silver Nitrate Packaging and Transporting Silver Nitrate.
http://www.silver-nitrate.co.uk/silver-nitrate-safety | Saved Thursday, November 17th, 2011 - 11:39 AM